Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Native Sport And Recreation Program - 1727 Words

The Native Sport and Recreation program, Sport: Everbody’s Business, and Sport the Way Ahead, can also be understood through Foucault’s concept of biopower. Importantly, when delineating biopower Foucault postulates that the transition from welfarism to neoliberalism is related to a subtler means of moral regulation by emphasizing the innovation of technologies and ideologies, which utilize self-regulation, responsibilization and governance (Hunt, 1999; Orsetto, 2010). A consequence of the aforementioned shift from the welfare to neoliberal state was the emergence of biopower, which Foucault (1978) describes as, â€Å"a political technology that brought life and its mechanisms into the realm of explicit calculations and made knowledge and power†¦show more content†¦Consequently, Foucault considered these transformations to occur at two levels: first, at the level of the human body as an object of discipline and surveillance; and second the population as the ob ject of regulation and control (source). In this context, the notion of contemporary discipline is linked to the type of power exercised on the body, which is developed around two corresponding poles: One of the poles—the first to be formed, it seems—centered on the body as a machine: its discipline†¦its integration into systems of efficient and economic controls, all this was ensured by the procedures of power that characterized the disciplines: an anatomo-politics of the human body. The second†¦focused on the species body, the body imbued with the mechanics of life and serving as the basis of the biological processes: propagation, births and mortality, the level of health, life expectancies and longevity†¦Their supervision was affected through an entire series of interventions and regulatory controls: a bio-politics of the population. (Foucault, 1978a. pp. 138) Given the abovementioned, Foucault’s (1978) concept of biopower can be explained as a form of governance that seeks to normalize and construct bodies as targets of control through techniques of measurement, visualization, and classification (Ettorre, 2012; Hunt, 1999). Ultimately, these were the precise goals of the Native Sport and Recreation program, Sport: Everbody’s Business,

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Galatians Bible Argument Essay - 2123 Words

I. Introduction 1:1-9 In this opening chapter, Paul begins with a formal introduction of himself. He asserts the source from whom he obtained his apostolic call and ministry from- the risen Christ and â€Å"God the Father† (v.1). He follows with a stern rebuke of the Galatian Christians who have allowed themselves to be duped into to embracing the heretical teachings promulgated by the Judaizers. A. Salutation 1:1-5 Paul establishes his credentials forthrightly and formally. This was crucial in terms of validating the ensuing message of the epistle. His readership, as well as his critics (the Judaizers), needed to be reminded of his apostolic authority as he attacked the heresy that had taken foothold in the Galatian Christian community.†¦show more content†¦A. Paul’s Call 1:11-12 Paul explicates the particulars of his divine commissioning. Again, this was necessary so at to â€Å"re-authenticate† his apostleship before the Galatian believers (and his dissenters). B. Paul’s Confirmation 1:13-2:21 1. His Early Activities 1:13-17 Paul discusses his conversion from Judaism. This is significant as he prepares to dismantle the notion that one can be justified by observing the Law. His unique claim is that he was so zealous for Judaism that he actually persecuted the church. This devotion distinguished him from his countrymen, and reputably so. It was also â€Å"credential† that qualified him to challenge the heresy of the Judaizers. 2. His First post-Christian Jerusalem Visit 1:18-24 Paul goes up to Jerusalem and meets Peter and James. Presumably, they, in addition to other Christians in the churches in Judea acknowledged Paul’s apostleship as being authentic (v.24). Paul is gradually mounting a convincing case against the Judaizers; they criticized him wanting to â€Å"enhance his reputation† by preaching his gospel13 3. His Second post-Christian Jerusalem Visit 2:1-10 Paul re-visits Jerusalem 14 years subsequent to his initial visit to the city to meet with the apostles. In this section, he states that they saw that he â€Å"had been entrusted with the gospel to the uncircumcised†. The recognition by the original apostles (i.e. Peter, James, and John) regardingShow MoreRelatedSouthwestern Assemblies Of God University. . . Hermeneutics1734 Words   |  7 PagesWhat’s the Why? The book of Galatians was written for the simple reason to clear up the truth of the gospel. Shortly after Paul left the church of Galatia, an unknown person or ‘people’ came to the church and led them to believe otherwise. The church of Galatia, being brand new was thrown off by the idea that they were living an immoral life, and immediately changed what they were doing to fit what the people or persons taught this. The thought of having the Galatians taken from the truth infuriatedRead MoreDate and Destination of Galations2324 Words   |  10 PagesGrace School of Theology NORTH OR SOUTH: Destination and Date of Galatians A Paper Submitted to Gregory P. Sapaugh, Th.M. Ph.D In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements of RS-503: Research Methods, Writing, and Technology by William (Brant) Wallace Houston, Texas February 25, 2015 Contents Introduction 1 General Debate 1 Geography of Galatia 2 Diversity and Strategy 2 Advantage for Missional Activities 3 The North 3 Evidence for the NorthernRead MoreMaddie Piner Final Bible Paper: Galatians Paul begins his letter by saying he is an apostle not600 Words   |  3 Pages Maddie Piner Final Bible Paper: Galatians Paul begins his letter by saying he is an apostle not from men nor through man, but Jesus Christ. He sends grace and peace from God and Christ, stating the deliverance made possible by Jesus death for our sins. As a servant of Christ, Paul is seeking to please God not man. The gospel preached by Paul was being twisted by those false teachers. Paul proceeds to defend both the gospel and his apostleship by showing thatRead MoreReasons For Not Accepting Acts As A Historical Record1534 Words   |  7 Pageshowever, would argue that though Paul was once a Jewish leader, he experienced a conversion and helped start the new Jesus movement. He then preached what he believed about Jesus to anyone, despite much controversy. In order to dive into these arguments, it is important to address the validity of sources used. One source I will be using is the book of Acts. According to Richard Pervo in The Making of Paul, there are many reasons for not accepting Acts as a historical record. He suggests reasonsRead MoreExplication of Sonnet 144 Essay859 Words   |  4 Pagesregards to who it is written about and the story behind it. I would like to state first of all that the straight facts about the sonnets are so few and that theories and debates are many. Doubt is cast over nearly every aspect of these sonnets. Arguments from when they were written, whom they were written to, why they were written, and even in many cases the question of who wrote them. The common thought of whom they were written to and why they were written has evolved as of late to reach a viewRead MoreAnalysis Of The Article The Pericope Of Galatians 2 : 15-211187 Words   |  5 PagesThe pericope of Galatians 2:15-21 is the thesis o f the entire letter to the early Christian communities in Galatia (Furnish 1971). It begins after Paul greets the people of Galatia. The people of Galatia have been visited by missionaries who still insist that the laws must still be adhered to especially the laws of circumcision causing confusion in the people. Peter had drawn away from the gentiles over purity issues and this was still greatly on Paul’s mind in writing to the Galatians (Furnish 1971)Read MoreThe Bible ( Chr 105 Oa2 )1558 Words   |  7 PagesTabitha Sanders Introduction to the Bible (CHR 105-OA2) Anderson University December 5th, 2016 Final Exam 1. Using the book, notes, and biblical text itself, choose two of the Gospels and compare and contrast their presentation of the life of Christ. Be sure to include how things like the authors’ background and audience affect their message. I have decided to compare and contrast the Gospels of Matthew and Mark. In the book of Matthew, we begin with the angel coming to Joseph and telling him ofRead MoreWomen in Ministry and the Redemptive Trend Hermeneutic: My View1617 Words   |  7 Pagesout one organization for focused argument, but this statement accurately represents a sentiment within the faith that I find disturbing. In this paper, I will use the redemptive trend hermeneutic to deconstruct the CBMWs affirmation, while providing my own views on why I find both women in ministry and the redemptive trend hermeneutic as valid. The redemptive trend hermeneutic is a strategy for making sense of our 2000+ year old collection of texts we call the Bible. Keeping in mind the fallennessRead MoreJustification by Faith Essay1162 Words   |  5 Pagesalone cannot save them. Verse 16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ. this is one of the clearest definitions in Scripture regarding the way in which we can become justified. Here in Galatians 2:16, justification deals with the fact that we cannot be justified#8212;or given good standing before God#8212;through our obedience to the Law of Moses. According to Paul, it must be given to us by grace alone, through faith alone, in ChristRead MoreGalatians 3 : 15-29 The Law And The Promise3072 Words   |  13 PagesGalatians 3:15-29 the Law and the Promise General Introduction Galatians author was the apostle Paul and the audience was the churches of Galatia, discovered by Paul in his first route of mission work or spreading the gospel. The Galatian Epistle was addressed to the â€Å"Christian congregation of Galatia† (1:2). Certain positons are held by certain scholars as to who Paul’s letter to the churches of Galatia was written. One theory is that it was written in Northern Galatians. A view held by J.B. Lightfoot

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Death Of A Salesman - 995 Words

Hope Miller’s play, The Death of a Salesman (1949) was about a family, and their struggles for the American dream. The family composition was not unlike that of an average family, a mom, a dad, and two children. Mom, Linda, tended to the house, oversaw the finances, as well as the lives of the remaining family members. Dad, Willy, supported the family as an on-the-road salesman. At first, Willy’s outbursts were confusing, but as I read the outbursts began to unfold the meanings buried in the storyline. Miller’s play conveyed many messages, the most important being the importance of hope. A soul without hope ceases to adapt, ceases to grow, and ceases to live. Constant turmoil dwelled in the Loman’s lives, from the beginning of the story†¦show more content†¦A concept that would not become a reality for Willy. Because of the stagnation within Willy, his life was a struggle. His infidelity, inability to support the household, and impressions he made upon his sons were overwhelming. He grew tired and hopeless. A soul without hope is destined for failure, as Willy’s life become. Biff, Willy’s son, realized that happiness was fueled by dedicating his life to something that brought him joy, regardless of what others thought. He said to Willy, â€Å"why am I trying to become what I don’t want to be?† (105). Biff realized that a life lived in regret or without growth was not his concept of the American dream. Hope instilled a drive within Biff’s soul. He wanted to expand upon that hope, and fulfill his life, unlike his father. To some, the dream is material possessions; to some, the dream is wealth; and to others, the dream is freedom. Without hope the dream would not have materialized in the beginning, and without hope one will not seek to fulfill. Miller’s play portrayed a man who lived his entire life without hope, believing that life is made by others. Willy believed that regardless of one’s abilities, if one was liked by others he would succeed without effort. Although I believe the barriers that must be overcome to succeed differ individually, the American dream offers hope and opportunity for all. One must develop the dream into reality. The tragedy within the story is not of Willy’s death, it isShow MoreRelatedThe Death Of A Salesman1496 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Today, the play The Death of a Salesman is celebrated in many theatres. The play is regarded as one of the finest dramas of American theater play. It was written in 1949 by an American playwright Arthur Miller. After the play was produced, it was first opened at the Morosco Theatre and starred Lee J Cobb as Willy Loman, Cameron Mitchell as Happy, Mildred Dunnock as Linda, Howard Smith as Charley and Arthur Kennedy as Biff. The play has been revived on Broadway four times and won manyRead MoreThe Death Of A Salesman857 Words   |  4 PagesSome stories have stood the test of time. These stories are relatable are leave readers feared perplexed. Oedipus the King is the tragic story of a man whose figurative blindness at a young age lead to his literal blindness at an old age. The Death of a Salesman converts this to a modern society of a man who just wants to do good for his family but doesn t see the effect of his actions. Although 2400 years separate these stories, readers can still relate to both the same. The genre of tragedy is interpretedRead MoreDeath of a Salesman990 Words   |  4 PagesDiscuss â€Å"Death of a Salesman† as a film. How could this film be more film-like? The well known late 1980’s play Death of a Salesman was beautifully crafted and opened my mind up to the reality of some people’s fantasies. When I first began to watch the play, I had immediately noticed that it was a play and not a movie. Usually in a film, there is a hero, heroine, climax, something they are fighting for, and usually (nine times out of ten) a happy, heroic ending. This movie included none, atRead MoreDeath of a Salesman606 Words   |  3 PagesWilly Loman: Victim of the American Dream Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman tells the tale of Willy Loman, a man who falls from the top of the capitalism system in a resonant crash. Being controlled by his fears of the future, and stuck in his memories of the past, Willy fully contributes to his self-victimization by putting little blame on his own mistakes. Although Willy is perceived as selfish, it is important to see that he is misguided. His character is one of a common man, he has neverRead MoreThe, Death Of A Salesman909 Words   |  4 Pagesdesire to be the breadwinners of the family, wish to achieve only success, become unemotional and might take dangerous risk to prove manhood. Many feminist novels, plays or short stories such as Frankenstein, â€Å"A Dollhouse†, â€Å"Yellow Wallpaper†, â€Å"Death of a Salesman† showcase the ill effects of gender roles. Women had to fight to have the same advantages and opportunities that men possess. Before modern times, many people would believe that a woman s place is in the home but now it is common for the modernRead MoreThe Death Of A Salesman1024 Words   |  5 PagesVictoria Gutierrez Professor Gilbreath Drama 10 6 April 2015 1026 Words The Death of A Salesman San Joaquin Delta College presented Arthur Miller s Death of A Salesman on Sunday the twenty-second of March at 2 o clock in the afternoon. This play is about a young man and his father coming to terms with the past and their futures. Willy Loman, an old salesman, is dealing with both financial and health difficulties. He is put under even more pressure when his unsuccessful son, Biff, returnsRead MoreThe Death Of A Salesman859 Words   |  4 PagesThe Death of a Salesman is a heart-wrenching story of a man named Willie, and his fight for economic freedom. The story takes place in 1931, and it starts off with Willie’s faint memory of his father, who was a flute maker and a salesman. Willie is a sixty three-year-old salesman who has work his entire life to achieve the common goal of the American Dream. Nevertheless, while trying to achieve economic freedom he ends up becoming trapped in the process. Willie in a lot of ways, died before his carRead MoreDeath of a Salesman915 Words   |  4 PagesDefine The American Dream. In what way does Death of a Salesman point out the hopelessness of chasing this dream? Are there any rewards? The idea of the American Dream is truly subjective. To some, it is living in the lap of luxury in all aspects. To others, it is a chance at a better brighter opportunity for themselves or their families. Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman portrays the promise of the American Dream in the form of opportunity, freedom, success and wealth; the ability to acquireRead MoreDeath of a Salesman1187 Words   |  5 PagesDeath of a Salesman There are some who would argue that it is precisely the ultra-capitalist mentality of individuals like Willy Loman that has propelled the American Economy to global dominance, but Arthur Miller’s classic work â€Å"Death of a Salesman† begs the question: at what cost? What does it do to a person, this desperate need to â€Å"be number one man?† Each of Willy’s sons draw a different lesson from his life and their assertions about how one should live offer a compelling choice for modernRead MoreDeath of a Salesman1278 Words   |  6 PagesSteve Flatley Flatley 1 Mr. Nevels English 102 June 17, 2010 The Struggle Within There is a complete descent into madness evident in Miller’s â€Å"Death of a Salesman.† The struggle Willy Lowman has come to endure during a life of lies and false hope is portrayed very well by Miller’s use of dialogue, stage comments, prologue, and time and perhaps best shown by the use of dialogue and character interaction. By putting all of these elements to good use Miller paints a perfect picture as

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay about Frq Analysis - 1138 Words

Ruhani Malik Period 4 1960’s HW FRQ Questions Due by April 26-27, 2012 Be sure to provide a strong and specific thesis statement with a nice introduction to your essay. Also be sure to provide names, dates, book titles, court cases, statistics and any and all other relevant facts you can think of to support your answer. Staple this sheet to the front of your essay and be sure to follow the formatting rules discussed for previous FRQ’s. 1. With respect to THREE of the following, analyze the view that the 1960’s represented a period of profound cultural change: †¢ Ethnic Pride †¢ Gender Roles †¢ Music †¢ Race Relations †¢ Hippies †¢ Sexual Revolution†¦show more content†¦Regarding African Americans a strive for political and social equality was apparent through the enactment of two civil rights laws in 1960s by Congress, nonviolent protests such as the sit-in tactic and marches, advocation of â€Å"black power† and the attainment of presidential support for their cause. Regarding the women’s movement, the National Organization for Women (incorporating activist tactics) the adoption of the Equal Pay Act of 1963 and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 supported their cause by making fundamental changes in employment and hiring practices. Moreover Latinos strived for progress by pushing for collective bargaining rights, a mandate for bilingual education and running for offices in major cities. African Americans were able to gain much attention and sympathy through their various protests and they were also able to advance politically and economically with their enactment of civil ri ghts laws. In the 1960s nonviolent protests were prevalent among African American; in 1960 students in North Carolina started the sit-in movement after being denied service at Woolworth’s lunch counter (which was segregated). Thereafter the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was formed to maintain this movement where students would deliberately get arrested for sitting in restricted areas. This movement facilitated theShow MoreRelatedWhat I Did This Semester?856 Words   |  4 Pages This semester was a whirlwind of take-home essays, FRQs, and AP exam preparation. As a result, my writing saw some moments that were better than others. Out of all of the FRQs and essays that I completed this semester, my favorite is probably FRQ number nine, which was an argument with sources that debated the use of technology in schools. I think that this work is my favorite because even though it was written in only forty minutes, which meant that it lacked the time that I put into t ake homeRead MoreTkkkk Essay1992 Words   |  8 Pagesproducers receive, the amount of tax revenue consumers pay, and the amount of tax revenue producers pay. Lastly, EXPLAIN why it is unlikely that this tax will significantly reduce cigarette consumption. (____/5) 4. Practice FRQs: Applying SD Analysis (Page 7) a. Practice FRQ #1 and #2. ( ____/20) b. Assume the following: The demand for all computers is price elastic. Laptop and desktop computers are substitutes. Laptops and DVD burners are compliments. Use three separate SD graphs (laptops, desktopsRead MoreRelationship Between Social Networks And The Risk For Falls1656 Words   |  7 Pagesof the present study for the future researcher. Summary The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between social networks and the risk for falls among community-dwelling older adults residing in the south-central Minnesota. The analysis that was planned for this study determined the correlation between social networks and the risk for falls, correlation between different type of social networks and the risk for falls, and the difference on the total score of LSNS between older adultsRead MoreA Report On The Data Mining1896 Words   |  8 Pagesyour annual income and trying to predict what you need after you retire. Then based on the present income and needed income makes investment decision. The Prediction is done by simple regression formula to revise every year. Time series analysis With time series analysis, every attribute value is determined by the different time intervals Buying a company stock. Take X, Y, Z companies’ month by month performance and try to predict their next one year performance and based on the performance, you buyRead MoreDeveloping an Effective and Efficient Tax System in a Developing Economy - a Case Study of Ghana29843 Words   |  120 Pagesprocedure |64-65 | |3.5 | |Methodological limitation |65 | |CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION | |4.0 | |Introduction |66 Read MoreAP Psych First Semester Final FRQ Bank4882 Words   |  20 PagesAP Psych First Semester Final FRQ Bank Essay 1. Your friend Dave says: â€Å"How can you stand to study the history of psychology? Every single one of those theories is basically the same: the brain controls our behavior.† Given the history of psychology, evaluate Daves claim using the following terms in their appropriate context: †¢Introspection †¢Psychoanalytic theory †¢Behaviorism †¢Humanistic psychology †¢Cognitive revolution †¢Cognitive dissonance †¢Conformity †¢Social-cultural perspective 2. ProfessorRead MoreChapter 1.Introduction.10194 Words   |  41 PagesRay Bursts in large-scale astrophysical data. Presented algorithm beats the direct computation approach by several orders of magnitude. In Year 2012, Kamaljit Kaur performed a work, Comparative Analysis of Black Hole Attack over Cloud Network using AODV and DSDV. In this paper Comparative analysis of Black Hole attack for both Proactive and Reactive protocol is taken into account. The impact of Black Hole attack on the performance of VCN as well as MANET is evaluated and finding out which protocolRead MorePublic Fe Reference Handbook.Pdf46179 Words   |  185 PagesArea I. Surveying II. Hydraulics and Hydrologic Systems 12% III. Soil Mechanics and Foundations 15% IV. Environmental Engineering 12% EXAM SPECIFICATIONS—CIVIL 7 V. Transportation 12% VI. Structural Analysis 10% VII. Structural Design 10% VIII. Construction Management 10% IX. Materials 8% 8 EXAM SPECIFICATIONS—CIVIL AFTERNOON SESSION IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (60 questions in 9 topic areas) Approximate Percentage

What Analysis of the Female Role Does Atwood Offer in The...

The Handmaids Tale is set in the early twentieth century in the futuristic Republic of Gilead, formerly the United States of America. The Republic has been founded by a Christian response to declining birthrates. The government rules using biblical teachings that have been distorted to justify the inhumane practices. In Gilead, women are categorized by their age, marital status and fertility. Men are categorised by their age. Women all have separate roles in society, and although these roles are different, they all share the same theme: Every woman is confined to the home and has a domestic duty. Marthas are cooks and housekeepers, and handmaids have one duty, which is to reproduce, growing and giving birth to babies to the childless†¦show more content†¦In Gilead, women are treated like objects and all of their rights are taken away from them. They cannot vote, hold property or jobs, read, or do anything else that might cause them to become rebellious or independent, and un dermine the men, or the state. Even the shops where the handmaids go to buy food do not have names on for them to read, just pictures. The only thing important about a woman now is her ovaries and her womb, as they are reduced to just their fertility. `I used to think of my body as an instrument of pleasure... `...Im a cloud congealed around a central object, The language that Atwood uses here shows that a womans womb is the only solid, real thing that they possess. A womans emotions, feelings and other body parts are like `a cloud, they are insignificant and not real, and are seen to just float around the solid object that is their womb. Enforcers of the regime, such as the Aunts believe that this is a better, safer world for women. One of them states that in the time before, women had freedom to, and now they have freedom from. This means that they will not be raped or abused, they will not be whistled at, and will not have to be scared of anything when walking alone. However, what is happening to them in this new society, is, in reality, much worse. The novel is a shocking look at the future. With an originalShow MoreRelatedThoughts on Feminism and Dystopia in the Handmaid’s Tale Essay1044 Words   |  5 PagesNovember 2012 Thoughts on Feminism and Dystopia in The Handmaid’s Tale The Annotated Bibliography Dopp, Jamie. Subject-Position as Victim-Position in The Handmaids Tale. Studies in Canadian Literature / Études en littà ©rature canadienne [Online], 19.1 (1994): n. page. Web. 27 Nov. 2012 Dopp believes that Dopp believes that the goal of The Handmaid’s Tale is to work against the oppression of women, While he feels that is actually does the opposite. Dopp Argues that the way the test is writtenRead MoreTheme Of Women In The Handmaids Tale1784 Words   |  8 PagesThroughout history, women have been shamed and oppressed in different aspects of life. In The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood, the oppression of women continues into the dystopian future. One cannot read The Handmaid’s Tale without seeing the problems of gender separation among roles and treatment in society. Although a feminist story, The Handmaid’s Tale gives some surprisingly sympathetic portrayals of men while those of women can be critical. Men are the most mysterious characters; theyRead MoreHow Are the Two Female Protagonists Offred from â€Å"the Handmaids Tale† by Magaret Atwood and Celie from â€Å"the Color Purple† by Alice Walker Oppressed by Men, in What Ways Are Their Situations Similar and How Do They Deal4443 Words   |  18 Pagesâ€Å"How are the two female protagonists Offred from â€Å"The Handmaid’s Tale† by Magaret Atwood and Celie from â€Å"The Color Purple† by Alice Walker oppressed by men, in what ways are their situations similar and how do they deal with the pressure and abuse?† Abstract The purpose of this essay is to look at how the two protagonist women, Offred from â€Å"The Handmaid’s Tale† and Celie from â€Å"The Color Purple† are treated in literature. This essay aims to answer the question: â€Å"How are the two protagonist women

Information Technology Management Issues †

Question: Difference between Information System and Information Technology? Answer: Introduction Information Technology has an important role and helps the development of the industry at present years. The applications of IT have brought several changes in the business of an organization. User generated reviews as well as feedbacks on the websites helps to popularize the services by the world of mouth. Present study described the difference between information system and information technology related to the case scenario. In addition, impact of deploying websites for booking the hotel rooms and overall information technology on the organization and its customers are analyzed and recommendations are provided in the report. Law, Buhalis and Cobanoglu (2014) stated that information systems and information technology are usually considered as same terms. However, information technology is one of the subsets of information systems. Information systems can be considered as umbrella term for the systems of an organization, people and procedures designed in order to create and store, manipulate, distribute as well as disseminate the information. Information system acts as a bridge between a business and computer science (Lawet al. 2013). An information system consists of information theory, foundations of management, social science and information technology. On the other hand, information technology is included in the categories of information systems. It can be defined as study, design, deploy and support computer based information systems. IT consists of hardware, software and databases along with networks. In addition, Information Technology governs acquisition and processing as well as dissemination of digital information that are generated through computing and telecommunications. In the present case scenario, operations and processes such as supply chain including thousands of hotels and its operations are included. In addition, customer loyalty schemes like StayTogether, rebates on the airlines, corporate socially responsibility program and donating expenses to charity as well as opening of are included in the information system of the group of ten hotel chains (Zervas, Proserpio Byers, 2014). On contrary, as information technology only deals with computer and telecommunication related data like operations related to are consisted of information technology of the organization. Impact of IS and IT on customer service From an economic view point, information system is one of the major factors of production, which can be substituted for capital as well as labour. The information technology makes automation for the procedures of production and lessens the capital and labour required in order to generate specified result. Transaction cost theory gives a statement regarding development of organizations size for obtaining certain factors and services that are internally low cost for participating in the market (Cantallops Salvi, 2014). Information technology allows the organizations in order to obtain products as well as services in affordable price compared to others. Thus, information technology system assists the organization to increase its revenue during shrinking in size. On the other hand, agency theory views the organization as a nexus of contracts among the self-centred individuals clearly supervised for ensuring purse to the interests of the particular organization. However, information technology can assist to minimize agency cost in terms of coordinating several people as well as activities. In the international tourism scenario, it has been found that information system is largely accepted. The users of information system are not just involved in managerial activities. They are also involve to make suitable policy, planners, stakeholders and tourists. Fraj, Matute and Melero (2015) commented that the significance of information system in present case scenario help to combat several hotels in a chain in order to facilitate uses by understanding their demands and fulfilling as well. The customer loyalty scheme named as StayTogether is initiated by the organization with the help of applying proper information system technology In addition, fixing up price like operations are included in the effective planning and implementing of information systems in the particular organization. Including buffet breakfast and dinner in the hotel room price is one of the initiatives taken by the management of the organization to attract new customers. On the other hand, corporate social responsibility policy is one of the major polices achieved with the help of effective implementation of information systems in the company or group of hotels. As mentioned by Xiang, Magnini, and Fesenmaier (2015), at present days, travel and information technology become good motivator to the emerging global economy. Hotel business being an intangible product, it has obtained a lot from specific application of information technology. In this perspective, intangibility is related to the products that engages the incurred cost and dissatisfied customers. Information technology can be utilized in order to minimize the intangibility through ensuing that possible customers has lack of communication or transferring and transferring of important information. The opinion makes the entire system of information technologies being rapidly diffused in hotel industry. Hence, the influence of information technology in hotel industry is similar to the modern scenario of business that has a diverse range of information systems. In addition, many of the information systems are utilized in the hospitality sector. Therefore, identifying the types of informat ion system can be utilized in the organization. The system interviews as well as questionnaire methods are used. The information systems such as accounting systems for back office of the hotels and front office systems, self-service kiosks, Call accounting systems and electronic locking system, energy management systems are also used with the help of information systems. In addition, point of scale systems, restaurant management systems, credit card readers along with self check machines are included in the information systems. With the help of information systems, credit card readers are utilized in all hotels that can be categorized. PMS are mainly utilized in five star hotels to some of the extents in four star as well as three star hotels. Front office systems are usually utilized in the categories staring from three stars. On the other hand, accounting systems are generally utilized in those categories (Yeet al. 2014). The energy management systems are mainly utilized by the hotel in five stars hotels. The point of scale systems are generally utilized extensively in the five star hotels. Furthermore, restaurant management systems are presence in three stars and above as well. The report reveals that there are major usages of information systems in the hotels and limited to the accounting as well as credit card readers. There are approximately 50 % of surveyed hotels are utilized information system. On the other hand, nearly 75 % hotels use information system and there are 31 % of the three star hotels use information systems. On the other hand, information technology has evolved and becomes a major part of each aspects of the business. The hotel industry has accepted the changes in information technology and thee is moving towards integration of new technologies for fulfilling the target of satisfying demands of the organization. In order to get close to the adoption issue, it is required to focus on the process of adoption. The information technology serves the target of satisfying demands of the customers. Accompanying technological revolution in 1990, there are several opportunities as well as challenges for hotel business. The importance of the applications of information technology as well as use of internet has a large influence in the hotel industry. Strategic framework would be helpful to analyze the impact of information technology on the hotel business. Market wisdom at present days suggests that hotels need to embrace technology in order to complete against of traditional competitors. However, new entrants develop businesses with the latest technology. The new models of distribution need to be designed in order to lead the changes. The modern applications of information technology in the hotel business can be grouped under major areas such as operational, guest service as well as management of information (Yeet al. 2014). The functionality of applications are helpful to improve the service of business. These supports for instance have tendency to use the minicomputers for managing property. Diffusion of the system of IT in hotels increases efficiency, quality as well as flexibility in the hotel. It is required to have effective tactical as well as strategic management. The customers in the medium of internet are more than passive recipients in the process of marketing. Internet is one of the interactive mediums as opposed to the traditional marketing that generally allows one-way communication from marketer to the customers. PEST analysis would be helpful to analyze the market strengths for using the information technology in the business. Political / legal: The policies of the Government have a huge effect on internet users along with its potential development, through introducing the new policies as well as limitations. In addition, the privacy as well as security issues have an important role. Thus, the providers of internet need to consider the ethical matters as well as the usage of personal data that are stored within networks. In the present case scenario, launching of websites for booking hotel need to consider and fulfil all these factors in order to overcome the issues faced for these. Hotels deploying IT to gain competitive advantage may also face the legal risks for potential violation of the anti-trust laws as well as violation of privacy. The policies as well as processes need to be created in order to promote the comprehension of legal risks. Economic: Internet is not sensitive to the economic cycles. On contrary, it is considered that the hotel sales from the internet are affected through making economic changes in the countries from the booking of customers. It includes several changes for economic development and rates of interest (Yeet al. 2014). The inflation in currency fluctuations can be mitigated with the help of using IT in the business of the organization. Social/ Cultural: The changes in demography as well as attitudes of customers towards implementation of new technology have direct impact on business of the hotel chain. At present days, the customers are more skilled as well as advanced in utilization of the technology. In addition, the social system dimension needs to include larger social as well as political procedures through which interests of distinctive social groups makes interaction with each other and technology. Technological: Development of computerised networks as well as electronic distribution systems led to the huge structural changes within hotel industry. CRS becomes essentially in a database, which enables the organization in order to manage inventory as well as enhance accessibility to the information among the partners. Individual product suppliers in the industry became aware that the systems of integration as well the subsequent creation of shop window allows the products to be showed as well as bought across the world. IT would be important determining factor in the perspectives of competitiveness as well as profitability of the operations. It results new all-encompassing GDSs are matured from the original development. On the other hand, GDSs are the major drivers of the information technologies in hotel and being the backbone of industries. In addition, GDSs are single most significant facilitator of making globalized IT. Along with these, developments in GDSs are complemented through introduction as well as expansion of Internet. The development is facilitated in unprecedented scopes for having distribution of the multimedia information as well as interactivity between the principals as well as the consumers (Fraj, Matute Melero, 2015). It acts as interlinking structure of internet that enables provision along with the packaging of information, products along with the services. Furthermore, the information on the websites is chaotic and not well structured. Hence, it is required to have proper security measures in the websites so that the users can transact in safe and secured way. Recommendations With the present development of communication and information technology, it becomes necessary to implement the IT in the business of the organization. However, there are some problems faced by the organization at the time of deploying in the system of the organization and after deployment as well. In order to reduce the risks factors and overcome the challenges, some measures can be taken that are provided as followed. The organization needs to analyze the business scopes, target customers and potential infrastructure at first before deploying and using IT as one of the major parts of the process. It is important to launch used friendly and quickly accessible websites that can launched easily in the users devices. In addition, it is important to use secured data base for storing confidential information of the customers. Securing the process of transaction could be helpful to attract more number of customers and retain old customers for long by giving a belief of secured transaction process. Conclusion Rom the above discussion, it can be concluded that information system and information technology has an important role in hotel industry. Several programs like communication with stakeholders effectively can be achieved with the help of information system. On the other hand, corporate social responsibility, StayTogether loyalty reward system would be helpful for the organization in order to gain competitive advantages in the market. In addition, effective utilization of information system would be useful for the organizations to participate in the charity program. On contrary, enabling information technology and its applications are useful to combat difficult market situations for adopting communication and information technology in the business processes. References Cantallops, A. S., Salvi, F. (2014). New consumer behavior: A review of research on eWOM and hotels.International Journal of Hospitality Management,36, 41-51. Fraj, E., Matute, J., Melero, I. (2015). Environmental strategies and organizational competitiveness in the hotel industry: The role of learning and innovation as determinants of environmental success.Tourism Management,46, 30-42. Law, R., Buhalis, D., Cobanoglu, C. (2014). Progress on information and communication technologies in hospitality and tourism.International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management,26(5), 727-750. Law, R., Leung, D., Au, N., Lee, H. A. (2013). Progress and development of information technology in the hospitality industry: Evidence from Cornell Hospitality Quarterly.Cornell Hospitality Quarterly,54(1), 10-24. Nieves, J., Segarra-Ciprs, M. (2015). Management innovation in the hotel industry.Tourism Management,46, 51-58. Xiang, Z., Magnini, V. P., Fesenmaier, D. R. (2015). Information technology and consumer behavior in travel and tourism: Insights from travel planning using the internet.Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services,22, 244-249. Ye, Q., Li, H., Wang, Z., Law, R. (2014). The influence of hotel price on perceived service quality and value in e-tourism: an empirical investigation based on online traveler reviews.Journal of Hospitality Tourism Research,38(1), 23-39. Zervas, G., Proserpio, D., Byers, J. W. (2014). The rise of the sharing economy: Estimating the impact of Airbnb on the hotel industry.Journal of Marketing Research.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Experience Cultural Dimension of Global Business †MyAssignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about the Experience Cultural Dimension of Global Business. Answer: Introduction: Product quality of Haier is one of the major strategies that lead them to expand their market share in global market. Product quality is a big element of the success of an organization (Peppers Rogers 2016). However, this organization has smashed 76 poor refrigerators in order to improve their innovation and quality assurance. Adoption of new technology is one of the vital approaches of such organization to reduce the CAGE problem in the global market operation. Their powder free wash technology and anti-electricity wall technology are used in the development of products; these are considered as crucial strategies to improve their global operation. However, the refrigerators and the washing machines of such organization are awarded as the first group of products in Chinese world. This award is provided by the general administration of the quality supervision, which turns them to improve their strategic management to minimize the CAGE problem. Three in one strategy of Haier is the vital strategy that enables them to deal with the current market. Strategy is the crucial thing for an organization to deal with their business issue (Ferraro Briody, 2017). This strategy includes design, product and distribution all over the country. This helps them helps them to understand the preference of the local customers in a new market. On the other hand, Haier gives their effort to adopt cultures in different countries and offer products based on the need of different cultures. This boots them to act as a white good manufacturer in the global market. However, their strategy is their big strength, which influences them to serve as the good manufacturer in the domestic as well as in the global market (Slack, 2015). Strategy acts as the growth factor of an organization (Priem, Wenzel Koch, 2017). Their innovative idea is their major factor that leads them towards the success. In the year 2013 they have implemented networking strategy that is crucial for their business development. Such above strategies are beneficial for them to reduce the CAGE problem in global market operation. However, in the US market, their three in one strategy enables them to operate properly by improving their product, design and distribution approaches. References Ferraro, G. P., Briody, E. K. (2017).The cultural dimension of global business management. Taylor Francis. Peppers, D., Rogers, M. (2016).Managing Customer Experience and Relationships: A Strategic Framework. John Wiley Sons. Priem, R. L., Wenzel, M., Koch, J. (2017). Demand-side strategy and business models: Putting value creation for consumers center stage.Long Range Planning. Slack, N. (2015).Operations strategy. John Wiley Sons, Ltd.